Origins[ edit ] The Continental Army consisted of soldiers from all 13 colonies and, afterfrom all 13 states. When the American Revolutionary War began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19,the colonial revolutionaries did not have an army. Previously, each colony had relied upon the militiamade up of part-time citizen-soldiers, for local defense, or the raising of temporary "provincial regiments" during specific crises such as the French and Indian War of — As tensions with Great Britain increased in the years leading to the war, colonists began to reform their militias in preparation for the perceived potential conflict.
The Ohio Company was an important vehicle through which British investors planned to expand into the Ohio Valleyopening new settlements and trading posts for the Indian trade  Inthe French themselves began expanding their military control into the Ohio Countrya territory already claimed by the British colonies of Virginia and Pennsylvania.
These competing claims led to a war in the colonies called the French and Indian War —62and contributed to the start of the global Seven Years' War — By chance, Washington became involved in its beginning. Robert Dinwiddielieutenant governor of colonial Virginiawas ordered by the British government to guard the British territorial claims including the Ohio River basin.
In latehe sent George Washington, who in received his deceased half-brother's post as adjutant general of the Virginia's militia for the Southern District and was eager to prove himself, to deliver a letter asking the French to vacate the Ohio Valley. Washington delivered the letter to the local French commander Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierrewho politely refused to leave.
However, before he reached the area, a French force drove out colonial traders and began construction of Fort Duquesne. A small detachment of French troops led by Joseph Coulon de Jumonvillewas discovered by Tanacharison and a few warriors east of present-day Uniontown, Pennsylvania.
Along with their Mingo allies, Washington and some of his militia unit then ambushed the French. Historian Joseph Ellis concludes that the episode demonstrated Washington's bravery, initiative, inexperience and impetuosity.
This was the largest British expedition to the colonies, and was intended to expel the French from the Ohio Country. The French and their Indian allies ambushed Braddock, who was mortally wounded in the Battle of the Monongahela.
After suffering devastating casualties, the British retreated in disarray; however, Washington rode back and forth across the battlefield, rallying the remnants of the British and Virginian forces to an organized retreat.
The Virginia Regiment was the first full-time American military unit in the colonies as opposed to part-time militias and the British regular units. Washington was ordered to "act defensively or offensively" as he thought best. He led his men in brutal campaigns against the Indians in the west; in 10 months units of his regiment fought 20 battles, and lost a third of its men.
Washington's strenuous efforts meant that Virginia's frontier population suffered less than that of other colonies; Ellis concludes "it was his only unqualified success" in the war. He was embarrassed by a friendly fire episode in which his unit and another British unit thought the other was the French enemy and opened fire, with 14 dead and 26 wounded in the mishap.
Washington was not involved in any other major fighting on the expedition, and the British scored a major strategic victory, gaining control of the Ohio Valley, when the French abandoned the fort. Following the expedition, he retired from his Virginia Regiment commission in December Washington did not return to military life until the outbreak of the revolution in He demonstrated his toughness and courage in the most difficult situations, including disasters and retreats.
He developed a command presence—given his size, strength, stamina, and bravery in battle, he appeared to soldiers to be a natural leader and they followed him without question.
From his observations, readings and conversations with professional officers, he learned the basics of battlefield tactics, as well as a good understanding of problems of organization and logistics.
Surviving letters suggest that he may have been in love at the time with Sally Fairfaxthe wife of a friend. Washington's marriage to Martha greatly increased his property holdings and social standing, and made him one of Virginia's wealthiest men.
InLieutenant Governor Dinwiddie had promised land bounties to the soldiers and officers who volunteered to serve during the French and Indian War. As a respected military hero and large landowner, he held local office and was elected to the Virginia provincial legislature, the House of Burgessesbeginning in Washington also was known to play cards, backgammonand billiards.Military career of George Washington.
After the loss of New York, Washington's army was in two pieces. Washington deceived the British in New York City marching his entire army, the entire French Army, around the city all the way to Virginia, where they surprised Cornwallis and his army.
Born: February 22, , Westmoreland County, Virginia. Major Edmund Hewlett is a British Army officer who was in command of the garrison at Setauket until A man of learning, he is known behind his back as "the Oyster Major". Edmund Hewlett was born in Scotland to a wealthy family sometime in the mid's.
He is an educated man, and very Residence(s): Formerly: Setauket, New York, United States of America. The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, , at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de.
After the British evacuation of Boston (prompted by the placement of Continental artillery overlooking the city in March ), the Continental Army relocated to New York.
For the next five years, the main bodies of the Continental and British armies campaigned against one another in . Washington's General Quiz 1.
STUDY. PLAY. New Jersey in the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington in and the winter months of The British held New York harbor for the rest of the war, using it as a base for expeditions against.
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