Causes[ change change source ] It is believed that a person gets asthma for different reasons, including the genes they get from their parents geneticschanges in the way some of their genes work epigenetics and things in their life that are not healthy unhealthy or negative environmental factors.
Within minutes, one boy stopped, a terrified look on his face. Brenda Crisp and her staff immediately realized what was happening: Two years later, he still suffers unexpected asthma attacks and must take his nebulizer, a device that delivers a dose of corticosteroids and oxygen, wherever he goes.
When it comes to asthma, the children of their community are at high risk. Nearly all are African American and living in poverty. Incinerators, metal producers, power plants, chemical manufacturers and other industries ring the city. Exhaust from cars and trucks on nearby highways blankets the area, as well.
This socioeconomic profile and long history of environmental hazards have left East St. Louis with what experts suspect is one of the highest asthma rates in the nation. Seven million American children -- nearly one out of every ten -- have asthma, and the rate has been climbing for the past few decades, reaching epidemic proportions.
What is it about this city — and other poor, African American cities across the nation -- that leaves children with a disproportionate burden of respiratory disease? Is it the factories? For two decades, medical experts have struggled to unravel the mysterious connections between inner-city life and asthma, and while they have reached no conclusions yet, they suspect they know the answer: All of the above.
Crippling poverty Located across the Mississippi River from St. Louis is on the wrong side of the tracks, so to speak. Eighty-two percent of East St.
Louis children depend on food stamps, 28 percent of births are to teen mothers and 22 percent of mothers receive no or inadequate prenatal care, according to the nonprofit group Vision for Children at Risk.
Housing in the city ranges from, at best, small homes that often house multiple families to crowded, low-income apartment complexes. Some people live in burned-out buildings and tents.
There are few grocery stores, so residents buy most of their food at convenience marts. Garbage collection, which halted completely from tonow is only available to households that pay out-of-pocket for the service. Most trash is burned in back yards, adding to the polluted air, or dumped in vacant lots.
A survey by the Southern Illinois University nursing group counted 2, dumped tires and 27 registered strip clubs within a block radius of the clinic. At the turn of the 20th century, East St. Louis was a booming industrial center with abundant employment opportunities.
A Monsanto chemical plant, an aluminum refinery and the St. Louis National Stockyards Company, among others, set up shop there. But most industrial facilities had split off from East St.
The Monsanto chemical plant, now Solutia, is in one of those towns, in the village of Sauget, on East St.Supplement. eAppendix A. Search Strategies eAppendix B. Strength of Evidence eTable 1. Study and Population Baseline Characteristics for LAMA vs Placebo as Add-on to ICS RCTs.
eTable 2. Study and Population Baseline Characteristics for LAMA vs Other Controller as Add-on to ICS RCTs. What is the relationship between vitamin D and childhood UTIs? A new study suggests vitamin D may protect against UTIs among children by upregulating their own naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides.
Pollution, Poverty and People of Color: Asthma and the Inner City. Seven million children now suffer from asthma--and they are disproportionately poor. Asthma is a condition associated with the narrowing of the respiratory muscles and the accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract.
This may lead to constant coughing by the affected individual to . Can vitamin D prevent or treat asthma?
Help prevent asthma attacks? Find out more about the link between vitamin D and asthma here. PGD 2 is released from activated mast cells and binds to two G protein-coupled receptors, termed DP1 and CRTH2/DP Recent evidence suggests that CRTH2 might also play important roles the nervous system, kidney, intestine, lung, hair and skin, bone and cartilage, and in cancer.