While the previous explorations of African American and white female experience suggest both the gains and limitations produced in the Revolutionary Era, from the perspective of almost all Native Americans the American Revolution was an unmitigated disaster. At the start of the war Patriots worked hard to try and ensure Indian neutrality, for Indians could provide strategic military assistance that might decide the struggle.
In this activity, students will compare and contrast two documents from the Revolutionary period written by 1 a combined group of Native American tribes and 2 an American territorial governor, Arthur St.
Students will analyze the documents to determine how the two sides differed in opinion about the political role of Native American tribes and land claims following the Revolutionary War.
This activity can be used to: Give students a first-hand look at the different expectations of this United Indian group and a U. Approximate time needed is 60 minutes.
The original documents can be difficult to read. Students may need help with the handwriting. If students click "View Entire Document" below each document, they will be brought to a page that includes a full transcript. Explain to students that when they begin the activity, they will be reading two documents to determine the point of view presented in each.
The documents also illustrate differences in culture and tradition between the Native Americans and primarily Christian settlers. The Native Americans in this instance show an understanding of governments and treaty-making, which may be surprising to students.
Provide background information to students prior to beginning the activity: Following the Revolutionary War, there was ongoing conflict over the possession and use of former Indian lands between American settlers and Native communities in roughly the same area of the United States, the Old Northwest Territory.
Politically, Indian tribes were recognized at this time—both by Great Britain and the United States—as independent nations, even though they were living within the boundaries of the larger power. Information about the Treaty of Fort Stanwix can be used to show this treaty as a source for issues that are obvious in the Native document.
The mouthpiece for the group of united tribes represented in the first document was Joseph Brant, a Mohawk Indian who had been educated in English schools. Clair, the author of the second document, was born in Scotland, came from a long English military tradition, and had been a general—first in the English and later in the American Army with George Washington.
Direct students to open the activity and study the documents individually or in small groups. Alternatively, this activity could be used by an entire class to facilitate a debate between groups representing the Indian Nations and the governor or his settlers.
They will be presented with the following questions that will help them review and analyze the contents of each document. They can submit their answers via email or use them to prepare for a class discussion.
Did they have expectations based on former treaties? What did he advise the settlers to do? For more information about the featured documents, follow the links below.War Between The Settlers and The Native American Indians When the Europeans first went to America they were welcomed by the Native American people, who taught them how to survive.
Most of the settlers felt they were far superior to the Native People and when the natives died from European diseases they were not bothered at all.
The next day’s wedding re-enactment was to be held at the base of the original mud-walled chapel where Pocahontas wed John Rolfe on April 5, — years later to the date.
Native Americans Dominique Ace-Alija SOC – Racial and Ethnic Groups Instructor Chappelle September 3, Native Americans "Except for Native Americans, everyone else is an immigrant"- Vickie Whitewolf.
These are very powerful words. The series of conflicts in the western United States between Native Americans, American settlers, and the United States Army are generally known as the Indian Wars. Many of the most well-known of these conflicts occurred during and after the Civil War until the closing of the frontier in about Genocide Past genocides committed against Native Americans.
Sponsored link. Quotations: "The destruction of the Indians of the Americas was, far and away, the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world. The first meetings between settlers and Native Americans would follow the same course in almost every European settlement along the East Coast.
The two groups would meet as friends. They would.