Key events in Egypt: Following the coup, Egypt is governed by the Revolutionary Command Council, a newly formed executive body led by a figurehead president, Gen. In response, Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canalpreviously controlled by British and French interests. Britain, Franceand Israel launch an invasion to reestablish control over the canal zone but are forced by the United States and the Soviet Union to withdraw.
Gamal Mubarak Mubarak's younger son, was expected to succeed his father as the next president of Egypt in Inwith opposition increasing, Daily News Egypt reported an online campaign initiative the National Initiative against Power Inheritance demanding that Gamal reduce his power.
The campaign said, "President Mubarak and his son constantly denied even the possibility of [succession]. However, Revolution of egypt reality they did the opposite, including amending the constitution to make sure that Gamal will be the only unchallenged candidate.
He wielded increasing power as NDP deputy secretary general and chair of the party's policy committee. Analysts described Mubarak's last decade in power as "the age of Gamal Mubarak".
With his father's health declining and no appointed vice-president, Gamal was considered Egypt's de facto president by some. Emergency law in Egypt Emergency law Law No. Although it was suspended for 18 months during the early s,  it has otherwise continuously been in effect since Anwar Sadat 's assassination.
It limits non-governmental political activity, including demonstrationsunapproved political organizations and unregistered financial donations. Law enforcement in Egypt According to a U. Embassy report, police brutality has been widespread in Egypt.
However, claims by domestic and international groups provided cellphone videos or first-hand accounts of hundreds of cases of police brutality. The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights documented 30 cases of torture during the year In numerous trials defendants alleged that police tortured them during questioning.
During the year activists and observers circulated some amateur cellphone videos documenting the alleged abuse of citizens by security officials. For example, on 8 February, a blogger posted a video of two police officers, identified by their first names and last initials, sodomizing a bound naked man named Ahmed Abdel Fattah Ali with a bottle.
On 12 August, the same blogger posted two videos of alleged police torture of a man in a Port Said police station by the head of investigations, Mohammed Abu Ghazala. There was no indication that the government investigated either case. He witnessed fellow Egyptian protesters being tortured, assaulted, and taken to undisclosed locations by police officers.
Shenker and other detainees were released after covert intervention by Ayman Nourthe father of a fellow detainee. Although opposition groups and international election-monitoring agencies charged that the elections were rigged, those agencies were not allowed to monitor elections.
The only opposition presidential candidate in recent Egyptian history, Ayman Nour, was imprisoned before the elections. Demographics of EgyptDemographic trapand Youth bulge Egyptian population pyramid in ; many people age 30 and younger, despite education, have difficulty finding work.
The population of Egypt grew from 30, in  to roughly 79, by Economy of Egypt Egypt's economy was highly centralised during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasserbecoming more market-driven under Anwar Sadat and Mubarak.
From to the Mubarak government pursued economic reform to attract foreign investment and increase GDP, later postponing further reforms because of the Great Recession. The international economic downturn slowed Egypt's GDP growth to 4. Inanalysts said that the government of Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif would need to resume economic reform to attract foreign investment, increase growth and improve economic conditions.
Despite recent high national economic growth, living conditions for the average Egyptian remained relatively poor  albeit better than other African nations  with no significant social upheavals. Crime in Egypt Political corruption in the Mubarak administration's Interior Ministry rose dramatically, due to increased control of the system necessary to sustain his presidency.
Ahmed Ezz monopolised the steel industry, with more than 60 percent of market share. Opposition and citizen activists called for changes to a number of legal and constitutional provisions affecting elections.
Copies of Sharp's list of non-violent "weapons", translated into Arabic and not always attributed to him, were circulated in Tahrir Square during its occupation. After the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia on 17 December, a man set himself afire on 18 January in front of the Egyptian parliament  and five more attempts followed.
Mohammed Farouq Mohammed, who is a lawyer, also set himself afire in front of the parliament to protest his ex-wife, who did not allow him to see his daughters.
Many political movements, opposition parties and public figures supported the day of revolt, including Youth for Justice and Freedom, the Coalition of the Youth of the Revolutionthe Popular Democratic Movement for Change, the Revolutionary Socialists and the National Association for Change.
The April 6 Youth Movement was a major supporter of the protest, distributing 20, leaflets saying "I will protest on 25 January for my rights". The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest opposition group,  confirmed on 23 January that it would participate.
The leftist National Progressive Unionist Party the Tagammu said that it would not participate, and the Coptic Church urged Christians not to participate in the protests.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Within Egypt, at the time of writing, it is the counter-revolution that is in the ascendancy – turbo-charged by vast foreign loans, a toxic brand of chauvinistic nationalism, and an endless.
Jan 25, · Shaimaa El-Sabbagh's death in Cairo sparks furor online. She's one of 16 people killed in demonstrations marking the anniversary of Egypt's revolution.
86 rows · Activists and politicians worry that the military, Egypt's most revered institution before the . Feb 19, · Facebook does not a revolution make. In Egypt’s case, it was simply a place for venting the outrage resulting from years of repression, economic instability and individual frustration.
Ghonim. The Egyptian revolution of , locally known as the January 25 Revolution 23 January Democratically elected representatives of the People's Assembly met for the first time since Egypt's revolution, and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces gave them legislative authority.
The Egyptian revolution of (Arabic: ثورة 23 يوليو ), also known as the July 23 revolution, began on July 23, These two issues conflated four years after the revolution when Egypt was invaded by Britain, France, and Israel in the Suez Crisis of