The genius of Greek civilization lay more obviously in various facets of culture than in politics. It was Greek culture that determined the most lasting contributions of this civilization to the Mediterranean world, and that served as the key linkage in the larger Hellenistic orbit sketched by Alexander.
Obelisk of AksumEthiopia There were a number of regional empires during this period. The kingdom of the Medes helped to destroy the Assyrian Empire in tandem with the nomadic Scythians and the Babylonians.
Several empires began in modern-day Greece. From the 4th to 6th centuries, northern India was ruled by the Gupta Empire. In southern India, three prominent Dravidian kingdoms emerged: The ensuing stability contributed to heralding in the golden age of Hindu culture in the 4th and 5th centuries.
The empire would continue to grow, controlling much of the land from England to Mesopotamiareaching its greatest extent under the emperor Trajan died CE. In the 3rd century CE, the empire split into western and eastern regions, with usually separate emperors.
The eastern empire, now known as the Byzantine Empirewith its capital at Constantinoplewould continue for another thousand years, until Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in Han China developed advanced cartography, shipbuilding, and navigation.
The Chinese invented blast furnacesand created finely tuned copper instruments. As with other empires during the Classical Period, Han China advanced significantly in the areas of government, education, mathematics, astronomy, technology, and many others.
Successful regional empires were also established in the Americasarising from cultures established as early as BCE. Maya civilization arose as the Olmec mother culture gradually declined.
The later empire of the Aztecs was built on neighbouring cultures and was influenced by conquered peoples such as the Toltecs. Some areas experienced slow but steady technological advances, with important developments such as the stirrup and moldboard plough arriving every few centuries.
There were, however, in some regions, periods of rapid technological progress. Most important, perhaps, was the Mediterranean area during the Hellenistic periodwhen hundreds of technologies were invented.
Declines, falls and resurgence The ancient empires faced common problems associated with maintaining huge armies and supporting a central bureaucracy.
These costs fell most heavily on the peasantrywhile land-owning magnates increasingly evaded centralized control and its costs. Barbarian pressure on the frontiers hastened internal dissolution.
The great empires of Eurasia were all located on temperate and subtropical coastal plains. From the Central Asian steppes, horse-based nomads, mainly Mongols and Turks, dominated a large part of the continent.Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient vetconnexx.comm is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.
Judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable. Bridging Science and Religion: Why it Must be Done. By Robert John Russell.
1. Historical roots and the contemporary problem. Though the problematic relations between science and religion can be found throughout contemporary Western culture, their roots lie in the radical changes in the relation between theology and culture in the West since the Enlightenment and the rise of modern science.
What is the connection between world view and religion? As we discuss this question, the first part deals with world view, the second part studies about religion, and the third part makes the connection or relationship between world views and religion.
(5) What is the meaning of human history? And within various basic world views other. More broadly, religion can be defined as a system of beliefs and practices by means of which a group of people struggles with the ultimate problems of human life.
The quality of being religious implies two things: first, a belief that evil, pain, bewilderment and injustice are fundamental facts of existence; second, a set of practices and related sanctified beliefs that express a conviction that man can ultimately be .
There is no culture recorded in human history which has not practiced some form of religion. In ancient times, religion was indistinguishable from what is known as ' mythology ' in the present day and consisted of regular rituals based on a belief in higher supernatural entities who created and continued to maintain the world and surrounding.
The study of religion emerged as a formal discipline during the 19th century, when the methods and approaches of history, philology, literary criticism, psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, and other fields were brought to bear on the task of determining the history, origins, and functions of religion.