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Suicide Essay Suicide Essay Suicide is a health, family, institutional, political, and social issue of tremendous significance, and the field of suicide prevention is a significant priority for both public and mental health. Federal initiatives, consumer advocacy, clinical efforts, and empirical work have significantly advanced the field.
While great strides have been made in the area of suicide prevention over the past two decades, the morbidity and mortality related to suicide remains significant. The short- and long-term impact of the death of one person by suicide is far reaching. Suicide Morbidity and Mortality Suicide rates can be examined from many perspectives—internationally, nationally, regionally, temporally, racially, by gender or age cohorts.
More than 30, suicides occur every year in the United States and more than 80 suicides each day, or approximately 1 suicide every Insuicide was the 11th leading cause of death, while homicide was 15th. The rates are highest in persons over 80, and suicide is the third leading cause of death for youth ages years.
The rates are increasing for youth ages years. Males and Caucasians are more likely to die by suicide than are females and other races.
Firearms are the major method 50 percent for completed suicide hanging is second. In fact, each year there are more firearm suicides than firearm homicides. The highest rates for blacks are among young males ages Somewhere between 8 and 25 suicide attempts occur for every death by suicide.
The ratio of attempts to suicide deaths in adolescents is approximately 1 to Females have the highest rate of suicide attempts, and the ratio of attempts by females versus males is 3: Approximatelypersons receive treatment following an attempt each year.
The most common method for attempts is overdose. The rates of attempts increase in the elderly. The risk for attempting suicide in blacks is highest among to year-olds.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System surveyed high school students and determined the rates of suicidal behavior were highest in Hispanic youth, particularly Hispanic females.
Risk and Protective Factors Framework The risk and protective factors framework helps explain, assess, and intervene with suicidal behavior. Risk or protective factors are characteristics or conditions that, when present, increase or decrease respectively the likelihood that persons will develop suicidal behavior.
Risk and protective factors include individual, familial, psychological, or environmental domains. Examples of common suicide risk factors include the following: Protective factors include resilience, family ties, cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support self-preservation, culturally sensitive programs that strengthen family ties, tribal spiritual orientation, and specialized mental health and addictions treatment.
The majority 90 percent of persons who die by suicide have a psychiatric illness most often depression ; however, one particular risk factor increases the probability but is not necessarily the cause of suicidal behavior.
It is the accumulation and interaction of risk and protective factors that contribute to mental health problems like suicide or illness and mental health, rather than a single risk or protective factor. Resilience, or the capacity to bounce back from adversity, has received considerable attention in mental health promotion.
Resilience stems from the interaction of an individual situation with protective factors from the environment. In the clinical application of the risk and protective factors model, the modifiability of a risk or protective factor is a prerequisite for the development of interventions targeting such factors.
Nomenclature for Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors There is much confusion and misuse of words related to suicidology.
A newly revised nomenclature seeks to increase the ability of clinicians, epidemiologists, policymakers, and researchers to communicate more clearly and study similar types of suicidal behavior. The essential components of this nomenclature include suicide-related communications, suicide-related behavior, and suicide-related ideations.
Suicide-related communications is defined in this nomenclature as any interpersonal act of imparting, conveying, or transmitting suicidal thoughts, wishes, desires, or intent explicit or implicitincluding threats or plans.
Suicide-related behavior is a self-inflicted, potentially injurious behavior for which there is evidence that the person wished to use the appearance of intending to kill himself or herself in order to attain some other end or the person intended at some undetermined or some known degree to kill himself or herself.
These behaviors include self-harm, self-inflicted unintentional death, undetermined suicide-related behaviors, self-inflicted death with undetermined intent, suicide attempt, and suicide.
A suicide attempt is self-inflicted, potentially injurious behavior with a nonfatal outcome for which there is evidence explicit or implicit of intent to die.
A suicide attempt may result in no injury, injuries, or in death, defined as suicide.Suicide Essay Suicide is a health, family, institutional, political, and social issue of tremendous significance, and the field of suicide prevention is a significant priority for both public and mental health.
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